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Grants Pass, OR, United States

Blinn D.W.,Northern Arizona University | Ruiter D.E.,235 SW Central Avenue
Western North American Naturalist

Caddisflies were collected at 181 wall seep, stream, river, and lake habitats in 7 counties in northwest and north central Washington over a 6-year period. From 17,405 specimens, we identified 164 adult caddisfly species within 62 genera and 16 families. Twenty taxa were new state records, bringing the number of species currently reported from Washington to 230. Species assemblages were compared to altitude, physicochemical factors, aquatic-habitats, and land use (urban, agriculture, and forest) on the west and east sides of the North Cascade Range. Species richness showed significant positive correlations to altitude and pH and showed significant negative correlations to total phosphorus, total nitrogen, and specific conductivity, as well as especially to channel embeddedness. A multilevel hierarchical clustering model separated wall seeps, streams, and rivers into geographic and land-use regions based on adult caddisfly assemblages. We used a multimetric index (caddisfly tolerance index [CTI]) to determine environmental tolerance levels for adult caddisfly species. The index performed well in distinguishing among the effects of total phosphorus, total nitrogen, specific conductance, and channel embeddedness on the distribution of caddisfly species. These CTI values provide baseline information for monitoring changes in ecosystem health in drainages throughout Washington landscapes. © 2013. Source

Ruiter D.E.,235 SW Central Avenue | Harris S.C.,Clarion University of Pennsylvania
Pan-Pacific Entomologist

Seven new species of Ochrotrichia Mosely, 1934 are described and illustrated from western United States and Mexico. Clarification of several of the Donald Burdick manuscript names is provided. Suggestions for habitats where future collection emphasis should be directed is included. Source

Ruiter D.E.,235 SW Central Avenue | Boyle E.E.,University of Guelph | Zhou X.,BGI Shenzhen
BMC Ecology

Background: The North American Trichoptera larvae are poorly known at the species level, despite their importance in the understanding of freshwater fauna and critical use in biomonitoring. This study focused on morphological diagnoses for larvae occurring in the Churchill, Manitoba area, representing the largest larval association effort for the caddisflies at any given locality thus far. The current DNA barcode reference library of Trichoptera (available on the Barcode of Life Data Systems) was utilized to provide larval-adult associations.Results: The present study collected an additional 23 new species records for the Churchill area, increasing the total Trichoptera richness to 91 species. We were able to associate 62 larval taxa, comprising 68.1% of the Churchill area Trichoptera taxa. This endeavor to identify immature life stage for the caddisflies enabled the development of morphological diagnoses, production of photographs and an appropriate taxonomic key to facilitate larval species analyses in the area.Conclusions: The use of DNA for associations of unknown larvae with known adults proved rapid and successful. This method should accelerate the state-of-knowledge for North American Trichoptera larvae as well as other taxonomic lineages. The morphological analysis should be useful for determination of material from the Churchill area. © 2013 Ruiter et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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