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Bezark L.G.,220 N. Street | Santos-Silva A.,University of Sao Paulo | Martins U.R.,University of Sao Paulo
Zootaxa | Year: 2011

Agaone amazonica sp. nov. and Stultutragus endoluteus sp. nov. are described from Brazil, and variation in A. peruviensis Fisher, is discussed. Stultutragus nigricornis is elevated to species rank and re-described. Updated keys to Agaone and Stultutragus are provided. Copyright © 2011 - Magnolia Press. Source

Johnson-Brousseau S.,Dominican University of California | Henkes M.,Dominican University of California | Kosta K.,220 N. Street | Suslow K.,Hines Nurseries LLC | And 2 more authors.
New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science | Year: 2011

Phytophthora ramorum Werres, De Cock & Man in't Veld, causal agent of sudden oak death (SOD) and ramorum blight, has been detected in container-grown plants, soil and irrigation ponds in various United States' nurseries. Phytophthora ramorum has also been detected in runoff water from some nurseries and adjoining streams. Despite emergency regulatory actions, there is concern that P. ramorum infected nursery stock may further spread the disease in the United States of America (USA), particularly to previously unaffected wildlands. If established in the south-eastern USA, it could cause damage similar to that occurring in the coastal forests of California and Oregon. To develop solutions for nurseries that trade plants susceptible to P. ramorum, a quarantine nursery was established in Marin County, California, to investigate pa thogeneradication and disease management. More than four years of collaborative efforts between the California Department of Food and Agriculture, California county Agriculture Commissioners, the California Oak Mortality Task Force, US National Plant Board, United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine and nursery industry resulted in locating a suitable site for developing the National Ornamentals Research Site (NORS) at the Dominican University of California (DUC). Funding to set-up and run the research nursery was awarded in 2008 through congressionally approved, Farm-bill (Section 10201) funding. The site is designed to perform research on quarantine pests and pathogens while safeguarding plant health and the surrounding natural environment. Research initiatives on P. ramorum have commenced at the NORS-DUC. Research grants are awarded to undertake research at the NORS-DUC and proposals can be submitted through www.dominican.edu/norsduc. © 2011 New Zealand Forest Research Institute Limited. trading as Scion. Source

Carnaccini S.,University of California at Davis | Crossley B.,University of California at Davis | Breitmeyer R.,University of California at Davis | Charlton B.R.,University of California at Davis | And 8 more authors.
Avian Diseases | Year: 2015

In April 2014 an outbreak of low pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 North American genetic lineage was diagnosed in a commercial quail operation in Stanislaus County, California. Sudden increase in mortality prompted the submission of 20 Japanese quail hens (Coturnix c. japonica) to the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory, Turlock Branch. Oropharyngeal and cloacal swabs tested positive for influenza A virus H5N8 by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The virus was subsequently isolated. In vivo assay and sequencing of the hemagglutinin protein cleavage site classified the virus as a North American genetic lineage of low pathogenicity for chickens. Following the diagnosis, a rapid and coordinated response took place to contain the outbreak. The affected premise was depopulated, cleaned, and disinfected. Three areas from the affected premises-a 3 kilometer (km) radius (High Risk Zone), a 3-10 km area (Buffer Zone), and a 10-20 km (Surveillance Zone)-were established for avian influenza testing of commercial and noncommercial poultry operations. Surveillance testing and rapid control measures were successful in the control and eradication of the outbreak and revealed no area of spread of the virus from the index flock. This report describes the history, diagnosis, surveillance, and control measures applied to manage this outbreak. © 2015 American Association of Avian Pathologists. Source

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