20 College Road

Singapore, Singapore

20 College Road

Singapore, Singapore
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Anandalakshmi V.,Singapore Eye Research Institute | Anandalakshmi V.,Nanyang Technological University | Murugan E.,Singapore Eye Research Institute | Murugan E.,National University of Singapore | And 17 more authors.
Biochemical Journal | Year: 2017

Corneal stromal dystrophies are a group of genetic disorders that may be caused by mutations in the transforming growth factor β-induced (TGFBI) gene which results in the aggregation and deposition of mutant proteins in various layers of the cornea. The type of amino acid substitution dictates the age of onset, anatomical location of the deposits, morphological features of deposits (amyloid, amorphous powder or a mixture of both forms) and the severity of disease presentation. It has been suggested that abnormal turnover and aberrant proteolytic processing of the mutant proteins result in the accumulation of insoluble protein deposits. Using mass spectrometry, we identified increased abundance of a 32 amino acid-long peptide in the 4th fasciclin-like domain-1 (FAS-1) domain of transforming growth factor β-induced protein (amino acid 611-642) in the amyloid deposits of the patients with lattice corneal dystrophies (LCD). In vitro studies demonstrated that the peptide readily formed amyloid fibrils under physiological conditions. Clinically relevant substitution (M619K, N622K, N622H, G623R and H626R) of the truncated peptide resulted in profound changes in the kinetics of amyloid formation, thermal stability of the amyloid fibrils and cytotoxicity of fibrillar aggregates, depending on the position and the type of the amino acid substitution. The results suggest that reduction in the overall net charge, nature and position of cationic residue substitution determines the amyloid aggregation propensity and thermal stability of amyloid fibrils. © 2017 The Author(s).


Tio M.,National Neuroscience Institute | Wen R.,National Neuroscience Institute | Lim Y.L.,National Neuroscience Institute | Wang H.,National Neuroscience Institute | And 6 more authors.
Human Genetics | Year: 2016

Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common adult-onset neurological disorders which produce motor and non-motor symptoms. To date, there are no gold standard pathological hallmarks of ET, and despite a strong genetic contribution toward ET development, only a few pathogenic mutations have been identified. Recently, a pathogenic FUS-Q290X mutation has been reported in a large ET-affected family; however, the pathophysiologic mechanism underlying FUS-linked ET is unknown. Here, we generated transgenic Drosophila expressing hFUS-WT and hFUS-Q290X and targeted their expression in different tissues. We found that the targeted expression of hFUS-Q290X in the dopaminergic and the serotonergic neurons did not cause obvious neuronal degeneration, but it resulted in motor dysfunction which was accompanied by impairment in the GABAergic pathway. The involvement of the GABAergic pathway was supported by rescue of motor symptoms with gabapentin. Interestingly, we observed gender specific downregulation of GABA-R and NMDA-R expression and reduction in serotonin level. Overexpression of hFUS-Q290X also caused an increase in longevity and this was accompanied by downregulation of the IIS/TOR signalling pathway. Our in vivo studies of the hFUS-Q290X mutation in Drosophila link motor dysfunction to impairment in the GABAergic pathway. Our findings would facilitate further efforts in unravelling the pathophysiology of ET. © 2016 The Author(s)


PubMed | National University of Singapore, National Neuroscience Institute and 20 College Road
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Human genetics | Year: 2016

Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common adult-onset neurological disorders which produce motor and non-motor symptoms. To date, there are no gold standard pathological hallmarks of ET, and despite a strong genetic contribution toward ET development, only a few pathogenic mutations have been identified. Recently, a pathogenic FUS-Q290X mutation has been reported in a large ET-affected family; however, the pathophysiologic mechanism underlying FUS-linked ET is unknown. Here, we generated transgenic Drosophila expressing hFUS-WT and hFUS-Q290X and targeted their expression in different tissues. We found that the targeted expression of hFUS-Q290X in the dopaminergic and the serotonergic neurons did not cause obvious neuronal degeneration, but it resulted in motor dysfunction which was accompanied by impairment in the GABAergic pathway. The involvement of the GABAergic pathway was supported by rescue of motor symptoms with gabapentin. Interestingly, we observed gender specific downregulation of GABA-R and NMDA-R expression and reduction in serotonin level. Overexpression of hFUS-Q290X also caused an increase in longevity and this was accompanied by downregulation of the IIS/TOR signalling pathway. Our in vivo studies of the hFUS-Q290X mutation in Drosophila link motor dysfunction to impairment in the GABAergic pathway. Our findings would facilitate further efforts in unravelling the pathophysiology of ET.

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