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Ondokuzmayıs, Turkey

Alnema M.M.,Firat University | Aydin S.,Firat University | Ozkan Y.,Firat University | Dagli A.F.,Firat University | And 8 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2010

The underlying molecular mechanism of carcinogenesis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is poorly understood and appears to be controlled on many genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors. Obestatin and ghrelin, two recently discovered hormones, are co-expressed in endocrine cells. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the immunohistochemical features of OSCCs in relation to the tissue concentration of ghrelin and obestatin. The association between OSCC and Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) status was also explored. The expression of ghrelin and obestatin was examined by immunohistochemistry and immunoassay in oral biopsy specimens: 10 benign squamous epithelial cell samples, 10 microinvasive squamous cell carcinomas, and seven well-differentiated and seven poorly differentiated OSCCs. The presence of EBV was evaluated in these samples using immunohistochemistry. The concentrations of ghrelin and obestatin in tissue homogenates were measured by RIA and ELISA, respectively. Squamous cell carcinomas and benign tissue samples were positive for anti-EBV antibody, and obestatin and ghrelin were shown to be co-expressed in all stratified squamous epithelium samples. Expression of ghrelin and obestatin was decreased or absent in OSCCs in relation to the invasiveness of the carcinoma; ghrelin and obestatin levels in cancerous tissue homogenates were lower than in benign tissue homogenates. These results indicate that the concentrations and distribution of immunoreactive obestatin and ghrelin might be helpful in distinguishing OSCC from benign tumors. Maintaining normal levels of these hormones might be required for regulation of normal cell division. However, detailed studies will be required for better understanding of the complex mechanism of carcinogenesis relating to OSCCs. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Akyol L.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Aslan K.,19 Mayis University Hospital | Ozgen M.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Sayarlioglu M.,Ondokuz Mayis University
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2015

We present a rare case of a comorbidity of sacroiliitis and brucellosis infection. A 28-year-old woman received irregular medication due to ongoing backache and hip pain for 5 years. The patient presented to our hospital for evaluation of visual loss and was diagnosed with uveitis. Sacroiliac MRI was performed to investigate the inflammatory backache and hip pain, and the aetiology of the uveitis, revealing the presence of sacroiliitis. The patient's blood test results were as follows: positive brucellosis Rose Bengal test and positive tube agglutination test with a titre of 1/640. The patient was treated with doxycycline and rifampicin for 8 weeks for the brucellosis infection, and with acemetacin for the ankylosing spondylitis. The patient's back and hip pain decreased significantly 8 weeks later; however, the uveitis was not controlled by the treatment. Therefore, anti-tumour necrosis factor (infliximab) treatment was started. Copyright 2015 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

Koksal A.,Bayindir Hospital | Canyigit M.,Ankara Ataturk Training and Research Hospital | Kara T.,Beyhekim State Hospital | Ulus A.,19 Mayis University Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Radiology | Year: 2011

An anterior sacral meningocele, a rare congenital anomaly, manifested in a previously healthy 44-year-old woman with findings of meningitis, including headache, vomiting, unconsciousness, and fever. Nontraumatic pneumocephalus, tetraventricular hydrocephalus, fluid-fluid level at the lateral ventricles, and pial enhancement were observed on multidetector computed tomography. A ventricular drainage catheter was placed to decompress the hydrocephalus, and drainage was performed urgently. Escherichia coli was isolated from the drainage material. Whole-spine magnetic resonance imaging and fistulography were undertaken on the third day after admission to evaluate for anal and urinary incontinence and pareses of both upper and lower extremities. Spinal arachnoiditis, tethered cord, dysgenesis of the sacrum, and a rectothecal fistula were demonstrated. Specific antibiotic treatment and surgery for fistula tract excision were performed. © 2011 Japan Radiological Society. Source

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