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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Buche P.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Buche P.,147 Rue Of Luniversite | Buche P.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Couvert O.,ADRIA Developpement | And 9 more authors.
Food Microbiology | Year: 2011

A preliminary step in microbial risk assessment in foods is the gathering of experimental data. In the framework of the Sym'Previus project, we have designed a complete data integration system opened on the Web which allows a local database to be complemented by data extracted from the Web and annotated using a domain ontology. We focus on the Web data tables as they contain, in general, a synthesis of data published in the documents. We propose in this paper a flexible querying system using the domain ontology to scan simultaneously local and Web data, this in order to feed the predictive modeling tools available on the Sym'Previus platform. Special attention is paid on the way fuzzy annotations associated with Web data are taken into account in the querying process, which is an important and original contribution of the proposed system. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Couvert O.,European University of Brittany | Couvert O.,147 Rue Of Luniversite | Pinon A.,Institute Pasteur Of Lille | Pinon A.,147 Rue Of Luniversite | And 22 more authors.
International Journal of Food Microbiology | Year: 2010

A stochastic modelling approach was developed to describe the distribution of Listeria monocytogenes contamination in foods throughout their shelf life. This model was designed to include the main sources of variability leading to a scattering of natural contaminations observed in food portions: the variability of the initial contamination, the variability of the biological parameters such as cardinal values and growth parameters, the variability of individual cell behaviours, the variability of pH and water activity of food as well as portion size, and the variability of storage temperatures. Simulated distributions of contamination were compared to observed distributions obtained on 5 day-old and 11 day-old cheese curd surfaces artificially contaminated with between 10 and 80 stressed cells and stored at 14 °C, to a distribution observed in cold smoked salmon artificially contaminated with approximately 13 stressed cells and stored at 8 °C, and to contaminations observed in naturally contaminated batches of smoked salmon processed by 10 manufacturers and stored for 10 days a 4 °C and then for 20 days at 8 °C. The variability of simulated contaminations was close to that observed for artificially and naturally contaminated foods leading to simulated statistical distributions properly describing the observed distributions. This model seems relevant to take into consideration the natural variability of processes governing the microbial behaviour in foods and is an effective approach to assess, for instance, the probability to exceed a critical threshold during the storage of foods like the limit of 100. CFU/g in the case of L. monocytogenes. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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