Beaver Creek, OR, United States
Beaver Creek, OR, United States

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McAllister C.T.,Eastern Oklahoma State College | Bursey C.R.,Pennsylvania State UniversityShenango Campus | Freed P.S.,14149 S. Butte Creek Road
Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2010

One hundred and seven reptiles (11 families, 32 species) from the Northern and Western Cape Provinces of South Africa were examined for helminths. Twenty-three (22%) individual reptiles were found to harbor at least 1 species of nematode; 3 (7%) reptiles harbored multiple infections of 2 nematode species. Eight species within 5 families of Nematoda were found in the reptiles surveyed including 1 atractid, 1 diaphanocephalid, 1 heterakid, 3 pharyngodonids, and 2 physalopterans. Ten new host records are reported. A summary of the nematode parasites identified from South African reptiles is provided. © 2010 American Society of Parasitologists.


Kaiser H.,Victor Valley College | Carvalho V.L.,Timor University | Ceballos J.,Victor Valley College | Freed P.,14149 S. Butte Creek Road | And 8 more authors.
ZooKeys | Year: 2011

Fieldwork conducted throughout Timor-Leste in September 2004 and July 2009 resulted in a collection or recording of 263 herpetological specimens (100 amphibians, 163 reptiles), comprising at least seven species of frogs and toads, 20 species of lizards, seven species of snakes, two species of turtles, and one species of crocodile. Among the amphibians, the most frequently encountered species were toads (Duttaphrynus melanostictus), rice paddy frogs (genus Fejervarya), and rhacophorid treefrogs (Polypedates cf. leucomystax). All three variants of rice paddy frogs encountered represent undescribed species similar to F. verruculosa from neighboring Wetar Island. Records of F. cancrivora and F. limnocharis for Timor Island are apparently errors based on misidentification. We obtained voucher specimens for a total of 147 lizards and voucher photographs only for four specimens of Varanus timorensis. Aside from geckos frequently associated with human habitations (e.g., Gehyra mutilata, Gekko gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus, H. platyurus), we discovered an as yet undescribed species of bent-toed gecko, genus Cyrtodactylus, in the Same valley. Our specimens of H. platyurus are the first record of this species from Timor-Leste. Commonly encountered skinks included four-fingered skinks (genus Carlia), wedge skinks (genus Sphenomorphus), and night skinks (genus Eremiascincus). Notable among the 15 snakes collected was the frequency of pitvipers (Cryptelytrops insularis), which amounted to over 25% of all snakes. Our specimen of the wolfsnake Lycodon subcinctus is the first record of this species for Timor-Leste. Based on these findings, it appears that the biodiversity of amphibians and reptiles in this remote corner of Wallacea is much greater than previously thought, particularly with respect to scincid lizards. The detail we provide in the species accounts is designed to allow the use of this report as a preliminary field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Timor-Leste. However, survey work is ongoing. © Hinrich Kaiser et al.


Kaiser H.,Victor Valley College | Carvalho V.L.,Timor University | Freed P.,14149 S. Butte Creek Road | O'Shea M.,West Midland Safari Park | O'Shea M.,University of Melbourne
Herpetology Notes | Year: 2010

During a recent herpetological survey in Timor-Leste we discovered a specimen of the Chinese Pond Turtle (Mauremys reevesii) in the ornamental pond belonging to a hotel in Baucau, the country's second-largest city. The specimen was secured by the hotel's owner in 2008 in a banana grove at Becora near Dili, the capital city of Timor-Leste, and kept as a pet. Several other sightings and anecdotal evidence confirm that this species has lived in the eastern part of Timor Island for at least two decades. In this paper, we validate the existence of this species by reporting the first specimen and we provide some additional information on the timing and possible purpose of its introduction into the country.


McAllister C.T.,Eastern Oklahoma State College | Bursey C.R.,Pennsylvania State University | Freed P.S.,14149 S. Butte Creek Road
Comparative Parasitology | Year: 2011

Two hundred twenty-two individual reptiles (11 families, 45 species) from 17 districts of Namibia were examined for endoparasites. Thirty-three (31 lizards, 2 snakes) individuals (15%) were found to harbor at least 1 species of helminth; 4 lizards harbored a multiple infection of 2 helminths, 1 lizard was infected with 3 species, and 1 lizard harbored a multiple infection of 5 species. One species of linstowiid cestode, 12 species of nematodes representing 6 families, and 1 species of cephalobaenid pentastomid were found in the herpetofauna surveyed. Twenty-seven new host and 8 new geographic records are documented for helminths of Namibian reptiles. © 2011 The Helminthological Society of Washington.


McAllister C.T.,RapidWrite | Bursey C.R.,Pennsylvania State University | Freed P.S.,14149 S. Butte Creek Road
Comparative Parasitology | Year: 2010

Aplectana macintoshii (Stewart, 1914) Travassos, 1931, is reported for the first time from 2/8 (25%) western olive toads (Amietophrynus poweri) and 1/2 (50%) Tschudi's African bullfrogs (Pyxicephalus adspersus) from Namibia, southwest Africa. This cosmocercid nematode is widely ranging in amphibians and reptiles of 5 biogeographical realms, including the Afrotropical, Indomalayan, Neotropical, Oceanian, and Palearctic. A summary of all currently known hosts and geographic localities for A. macintoshii is included. © 2010 The Helminthological Society of Washington.


McAllister C.T.,RapidWrite | Bursey C.R.,Pennsylvania State University | Freed P.S.,14149 S. Butte Creek Road
Comparative Parasitology | Year: 2010

Fourteen amphibians (7 species) and 37 reptiles (25 species) collected from 3 sites in the Pastaza Province of the Republic of Ecuador were examined for helminths. A total of 6 (42.7%) individual amphibians and 18 (48.6%) individual reptiles were infected. Five (71.4%) of the amphibian species (4 frogs, 1 toad) and 10 (40.0%) of the reptile species (4 lizards, 6 snakes) were found to harbor 1 species of helminth; 1 amphibian species (14.3%) and 5 reptile species (13.2%) harbored 2 species of helminths each. One species of cestode and 16 species of nematodes, together representing 11 families, were found in the herpetofauna surveyed. Twenty-five new host and 15 new geographic records are documented. When compared to other South American countries, the majority of parasites reported herein for Ecuador have been reported previously in herpetofauna from Brazil. © 2010 The Helminthological Society of Washington.


Mcallister C.T.,RapidWrite | Bursey C.R.,Pennsylvania State University | Freed P.S.,14149 S. Butte Creek Road
Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2010

Thirty-four amphibians (6 families, 12 species) and 28 reptiles (5 families, 16 species) from Paraguay were examined for helminths. Fifteen (44) amphibians and 6 (21) reptiles were found to harbor at least 1 species of helminth; 4 (12) amphibians and 2 (7) reptiles harbored multiple infections. Three species of Cestoidea and 17 species of Nematoda were found in the herptiles surveyed. Fourteen new host and 12 new locality records are documented, including the first report of the filaroid nematode, Macdonaldius grassi (Caballero, 1954) Chabaud and Frank, 1961, from South America. © American Society of Parasitologists 2010.


McAllister C.T.,RapidWrite | Bursey C.R.,Pennsylvania State University | Freed P.S.,14149 S. Butte Creek Road
Comparative Parasitology | Year: 2010

Twenty-four individual amphibians (4 families, 11 species) and 52 individual reptiles (9 families, 19 species) from the Rupunini District of southwestern Guyana were examined for helminths. Ten species of amphibians (91) and 13 (8 lizards, 5 snakes) species of reptiles (68) were found to harbor at least 1 species of helminth; 1 species of amphibian harbored a multiple infection of 2 helminths, and 2 harbored a multiple infection of 3 helminths. One species of reptile harbored a multiple infection of 2 helminths, 1 was infected with 3 species, and 1 harbored a multiple infection of 5 species. Three species of cestodes (1 linstowiid and 2 proteocephalids) and 20 species of nematodes representing 10 families were found in the herpetofauna surveyed. Twenty-five new host and 23 new geographic records are documented. © 2010 The Helminthological Society of Washington.

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