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Tallahassee, Florida, United States

Aldeek F.,125 Conner Boulevard | Rosana M.R.,125 Conner Boulevard | Hamilton Z.K.,125 Conner Boulevard | Crosswhite M.R.,125 Conner Boulevard | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

In this study, we developed and validated a method for the extraction, identification, and quantitation of penicillin G and its metabolites (penilloic acid and penillic acid) in a variety of citrus fruits by employing sequential liquid/liquid and solid-phase extraction techniques in conjunction with UHPLC-MS/MS. Two product ion transitions per analyte were required for identification, which contributes to a high degree of selectivity. Corrected recoveries of penicillin G using an isotopically labeled internal standard were 90-100% at fortification levels of 0.1, 0.25, 1, and 10 ng/g. Absolute recoveries for penillic acid and penilloic acid were 50-75% depending on the matrix used. The limit of detection (LOD) of penicillin G and its metabolites was found to be 0.1 ng/g when 2 g of citrus was extracted. This method is useful in determining residue levels of penicillin G and its metabolites in citrus trees infected with huanglongbing bacteria after antibiotic treatment. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

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