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Li X.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army | Zhao H.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army | Zhou X.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army | Song L.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015

5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy is widely used in the treatment of advanced colon cancer. However, the development of resistance to 5-FU is a significant obstacle to successful treatment. MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) has been reported to be downregulated in a number of tumor types and has also been shown to act as a tumor suppressor. However, the mechanisms underlying the biological effects of miR-34a in chemoresistance remain unclear. The present study showed that the expression of miR-34a is downregulated in 5-FU.resistant colon cancer cells. In addition, 5-FU.resistant colon cancer cells exhibited upregulation of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) expression and activity compared with parental cells. Furthermore, LDHA was shown to be a direct target of miR-34a. Overexpression of miR-34a reduced the expression of LDHA, probably through binding to the 3' untranslated region, leading to the re.sensitization of 5-FU.resistant cancer cells to 5-FU. Additionally, overexpression of LDHA rendered colon cancer cells resistant to 5-FU, suggesting that the miR-34a-induced sensitization to 5-FU is mediated through the inhibition of LDHA. In conclusion, the current study showed that miR-34a is involved in sensitivity to 5-FU in part through its effects on LDHA expression. This indicates that miR-34a-mediated inhibition of glucose metabolism may be a therapeutic target in patients with chemoresistant colon cancer.

Hua G.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army | Liu Y.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army | Li X.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army | Xu P.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army | Luo Y.,101St Hospital of the Peoples Liberation Army
Oncology Reports | Year: 2014

Chondrosarcoma is a malignant cartilage-forming cancer composed of cells derived from transformed cells that produce cartilage. Conventional chemotherapy and radio-therapy have very limited efficacy in patients with advanced chondrosarcoma. In the present study, we reported a novel therapeutic approach in the treatment of chondrosarcoma cells. We detected that lactate dehydrogenase-A (LDHA) is highly active in chondrosarcoma cells and chondrosarcoma patient samples compared with normal chondrocyte cell lines and primary human chondrocyte. Moreover, chondrosarcoma cells exhibited elevated levels of LDHA expression under doxorubicin treatment. To further explore the mechanisms, we generated doxorubicin-resistant cells from SW1353 chondrosarcoma cell line. Notably, the activity and expression of LDHA are upregulated in doxorubicin-resistant cells. Moreover, our data showed a strong correlation between glucose metabolism and doxorubicin resistance in chondrosarcoma cells; doxorubicin-resistant cells displayed highly activated glucose metabolism and depended more on glucose supply. Finally, we reported a synergistic effect produced by incorporating doxorubicin with glycolysis inhibitors-oxamate in the combined treatment of chondrosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo. In summary, the present study may aid in the development of new approaches using the combination of chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of chondrosarcoma patients.

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