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Tan Z.-Y.,101 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Wang J.-L.,101 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Guo F.,101 Hospital of Chinese PLA | Xu K.-F.,101 Hospital of Chinese PLA
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: In elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fracture, because of poor general condition and poor bone condition, on one hand, the internal fixation of fracture may lead to nonunion. On the other hand, patients still need longer time in bed and hip joint fixation, and may result in complications of long-term bed rest. Artificial femoral head replacement is a safe operation mode, can solve the problem of early ambulation of patients. OBJECTIVE: To observe the repair effect of bipolar artificial femoral head replacement on unstable femoral intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients. METHODS: A total of 39 elderly patients with unstable femoral intertrochanteric fractures, who were treated in the Department of Orthopedics, 101 Hospital of Chinese PLA from 2005 to 2014, were enrolled in this study. There were 21 males and 18 females, at the age of 80-96 years old, averagely 85 years old. They all received bipolar artificial femoral head replacement. Harris score was measured to assess hip joint function at 1 year after replacement. The incidence of complications was recorded. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of 39 cases were followed up for 1-5 years. The wound of all patients was healed in the primary stage. No cardiovascular or cerebrovascular accident appeared. All patients passed safely through the perioperative period. No severe complications occurred. Hip joint function was assessed according to Harris score at 1 year after replacement: excellent in 13 cases, good in 20 cases, average in 4 cases, poor in 2 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 85%. No dislocation appeared. The results suggest that bipolar artificial femoral head replacement can be used to treat femoral intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients. The postoperative recovery time was short; bleeding was less; complications were few. Hip joint function recovered well. For elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture, bipolar artificial femoral head replacement is an ideal safe effective repair method. © 2015, Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research. All rights reserved.

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