Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Sittingbourne, United Kingdom

WesoLowska W.,Wroclaw University | Azarkina G.N.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Russell-Smith A.,Bailiffs Cottage
Zootaxa | Year: 2014

Two new genera, Rumburak gen. nov. and Yimbulunga gen. nov., of euophryine jumping spiders are established from the Afrotropical Region. Thirty three new species included in this subfamily are diagnosed and described: Chinophrys trifas-ciata sp. nov. (♂, South Africa), Euophrys bifida sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), E. cochlea sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), E. elizabethae sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), E. falciger sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), E. gracilis sp. nov. (♂♀, Lesotho, South Africa), E. griswoldi sp. nov. (♂, Namibia), E. limpopo sp. nov. (♂, South Africa), E. maseruensis sp. nov. (♂, Lesotho), E. meridionalis sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), E. miranda sp. nov. (♀, South Africa), E. nana sp. nov. (♂, South Africa), E. recta sp. nov. (♂, South Africa), E. subtilis sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), Rumburak bellus sp. nov. (♂, South Africa), R. hilaris sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), R. lateripunctatus sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), R. mirabilis sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), R. tuberatus (♂, South Africa), R. virilis (♂♀, South Africa), Tanzania parvulus sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), T. striatus sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), Thyenula alotama sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), T. cheliceroides sp. nov. (♂, South Africa), T. clarosignata sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), T. dentatidens sp. nov. (♂, South Africa), T. haddadi (♂♀, South Africa), T. montana sp. nov. (♂, Lesotho), T. rufa sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa), T. tenebrica sp. nov. (♀, South Africa), T. virgulata sp. nov. (♂, South Africa), T. vulnifica sp. nov. (♂♀, South Africa) and Yimbulunga foordi sp. nov. (♂, South Africa). Two species names are newly synonymized: Thyenula hortensis Wesołowska & Cumming, 2008 with T. munda (Peckham & Peckham, 1903) and Thyenula nelshoogte Zhang & Maddison, 2012 with T. laxa Zhang & Maddison, 2012. Three new combinations are proposed: Heliophanus kittenbergeri (Caporiacco, 1947) (ex Euophrys), Rumburak laxus (Zhang & Maddison, 2012) (ex Thyenula) and Thyenula munda (Peckham & Peckham, 1903) (ex Saitis). Two names are recognized as nomina dubia: Euophrys nigrescens Caporiacco, 1940 and Saitis magnus Caporiacco, 1947. The first mem-ber of the genus Chinophrys Zhang & Maddison, 2012 is reported from Africa. The males of Euophrys leipoldti Peckham & Peckham, 1903 and Thyenula sempiterna Wesołowska, 2000 are described for the first time. Tanzania minutus (We-sołowska & Russell-Smith, 2000) is recorded from South Africa for the first time. A list of valid species of Afrotropical Euophryinae with data on their distribution in the region is provided. A key is supplied for the known genera of the region (based on males). Copyright © 2014 Magnolia Press. Source


Haddad C.R.,University of the Free State | Russell-Smith A.,Bailiffs Cottage
African Journal of Ecology | Year: 2010

The spider faunas of two savannah reserves along the eastern coastal plain of Africa are compared. Species richness was higher in the tropical area, with 493 species (54 families) from Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania. Species richness was also high in the subtropics, with a total of 431 species (46 families) recorded from Ndumo Game Reserve, South Africa. Spider community structure was remarkably similar in the two reserves, with Salticidae, Gnaphosidae, Thomisidae, Theridiidae and Araneidae the most species-rich families in both reserves. Eleven of the fourteen most species rich families were the same. A similar proportion of families were represented by singleton and doubleton species. A genus- and species-level comparison of ten spider families indicates that while there is considerable overlap in the generic composition of the reserves (Sorensen's Quotient of similarity: all >0.650 except Linyphiidae, 0.166; Corinnidae, 0.500) there is little overlap between the species occurring in the two sites (0.000-0.571), which was particularly evident in the more species-rich families. A comparison of diversity of 57 families in each reserve with the spider biodiversity in the two sub-regions suggests that local biodiversity is largely determined by regional biogeographical influences rather than local ecological factors. © 2009 University of the Free State. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source


Russell-Smith A.,Bailiffs Cottage
Arthropoda Selecta | Year: 2014

A list of spiders collected from the Ionian islands of Kerkyra and Lefkada is provided together with a list of all previously published records. Information is provided on collection localities, habitats and geographic distribution of all species recorded. A total of 94 species were collected in Kerkyra, of which 37 had not been previously recorded. 98 species were collected in Lefkada, of which 71 were new records for the island. Currently, 243 spider species are recorded from Kerkyra and 117 species from Lefkada. Five species collected were new records for Greece: Agyneta mollis, Tenuiphantes herbicola (Lefkada), Trichoncus sordidus (Kerkyra), Tmarus stellio (Kerkyra) and Xysticus cor (Lefkada). The results are discussed in relation to similar studies on other Greek islands and it is concluded that the fauna of both islands remains poorly known. © 2014 Arthropoda Selecta. Source


Jocque R.,Musee Royal de lAfrique centrale | Russell-Smith T.,Bailiffs Cottage
Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society | Year: 2011

A new species of the rarely recorded genus Cithaeron O. P. Cambridge, 1872 is described from South Africa. A diagnosis is provided for the new species, which appears to be most closely related to Cithaeron delimbatus from eastern Africa. Source

Discover hidden collaborations