Sekine K.,Sendagi |
Ikezono T.,Sendagi |
Ikezono T.,Nippon Medical School |
Shindo S.,Sendagi |
And 4 more authors.
Audiology and Neurotology | Year: 2010
Proteomic analysis of inner ear proteins revealed unique properties of cochlin, encoded by the COCH gene. We detected 3 cochlin isoforms, p63s, p44s and p40s, in the inner ear tissue and a short 16-kDa isoform, cochlin-tomoprotein (CTP), in the perilymph. The role of the cochlin isoforms has not been elucidated. To improve our understanding of the mechanism of cochlin isoform expression, we investigated rat cochlin mRNA expression in the inner ear and other organs. We performed RNA-ligation-mediated amplification of cDNA ends (RLM-RACE) using RNA isolated from the inner ear and spleen of rats, which are known to express abundant cochlin mRNA. We also examined the expression profile of full-length cochlin mRNA by nested RT-PCR in the cerebrum, cerebellum/brain stem, eye, inner ear, thyroid gland, thymus gland, lung, heart, liver, spleen, adrenal gland, kidney and blood. We verified CTP expression in rat perilymph by Western blot. By RLM-RACE, alternately spliced variants of cochlin mRNA with 3 different lengths were detected (2442, 2008 and 724 bp). The two longer mRNAs encode full-length cochlin with different polyadenylation signals in the 3′-untranslated region, which are expressed both in the ear and spleen. The short variant encodes the limulus factor C, cochlin, late gestation lung protein (LCCL) domain and the N-terminal sequence of the von Willebrand factor A (vWFA1) domain, and this variant was detected only in the ear. All 3 variants have the same transcriptional start site. By RT-PCR, we found that full-length cochlin was expressed in all organs examined, with a splice variant in the heart. By Western blot, we detected short isoforms (11-17 kDa) in the perilymph. Cochlin isoform formation is regulated, at least in part, by alternative splicing at the transcriptional level. The short mRNA was detected only in the inner ear, and this variant may provide a clue to understanding the formation and function of cochlin isoforms.
Iwakiri K.,Sendagi |
Iwakiri K.,Nippon Medical School |
Sano H.,Sendagi |
Tanaka Y.,Sendagi |
And 8 more authors.
Digestion | Year: 2010
Background and Aim: The reason that some reflux episodes evoke symptoms is poorly understood, therefore the aim of this study is to assess the determinants of reflux perception in patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Methods: Ten NERD patients with persistent symptoms, despite double-dose PPI therapy, were included in this study. All patients had a positive symptom index (SI), which was determined by ambulatory 24-hour combined impedance-pH monitoring. Reflux episodes were identified and classified as acid, weakly acidic or weakly alkaline reflux and were considered symptomatic if patients recorded a symptom within 5 min after a reflux episode. Results: A total of 954 liquid reflux episodes were detected, including 135 (14.2%) acid, 782 (82.0%) weakly acidic, and 37 (3.9%) weakly alkaline. Overall, 59 (6.2%) reflux episodes were symptomatic and the majority (88.1%) of symptomatic reflux episodes were weakly acidic reflux. When reflux episodes were confined to the distal esophagus, there were very few reflux symptoms. Proximal reflux is significantly more likely to be associated with reflux symptoms, irrespective of the acidity of the refluxate or the duration of proximal reflux episodes. Conclusions: In NERD patients who have a positive SI on double-dose PPI therapy, the high proximal extent of refluxate is a major factor associated with reflux perception. © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
PubMed | Sendagi
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of endocrinology | Year: 2014
Osteopontin (OPN), a secreted glycoprotein, has multiple physiological functions. This study investigated the regulation and roles of OPN in the mouse ovary during the periovulatory stages. Immature female mice were treated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to simulate follicle maturation and ovulation. In situ hybridization and real-time RT-PCR were performed to assess expression of Opn in the periovulatory ovary. Granulosa cells (GCs) from PMSG-primed immature mice were cultured with or without hCG in the presence or absence of OPN, and effects on expression of Opn, progesterone synthesis, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling were assessed by real-time RT-PCR, ELISA, and western blotting analysis. Opn transcripts were significantly upregulated 3h after hCG treatment, followed by a peak at 16h, and the transcripts localized to GCs. Incubation with hCG significantly increased quantities of Opn transcripts in GCs and OPN levels in the culture medium at 12 and 24h. Furthermore, OPN treatment caused a significant increase in the levels of Star protein, P 450 cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (p450scc), 3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (Hsd3b), and progesterone in the culture medium. OPN treatment promoted Vegf expression in GCs, which was significantly suppressed by a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor. In addition, OPN treatment stimulated phosphorylation of AKT, a downstream PI3K signaling molecule. In conclusion, expression of Opn was upregulated in mouse ovarian GCs in response to a gonadotropin surge through epidermal growth factor receptor signaling, which enhances progesterone synthesis and Vegf expression during the early-luteal phase.